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Night splints help plantar fasciitis in controlled studies. Magnetic insoles do not help heel pain. Taping showed no benefit.

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Night splints help plantar fasciitis in controlled studies. Magnetic insoles do not help heel pain. Taping showed no benefit.
The article below did an analysis of the treatment modalities for plantar fasciitis. The authors showed favorable results for the treatment of plantar fasciitis with multiple modalities including but not limited to night splints, stretching and over the counter inserts. Taping a common practice by podiatrist showed no benefit according to the study. A summary of the article is below. For more information visit heelpainexpress.

Conservative therapy for plantar fasciitis: a narrative review of randomized controlled trials
Kent Stuber, BSc, DC* and Kevyn Kristmanson, BSc, DC**

The natural history of plantar fasciitis is often self-limited and generally resolves within one year.6 The treatment outcome for most plantar fasciitis cases is favorable and numerous authorities have indicated that plantar fasciitis will normally respond to conservative treatment modalities.1,2,5,8–10,13–15 A trial of conservative therapies is generally advised for plantar fasciitis patients before more invasive treatments are attempted.1,8,9,14 One important question that needs to be answered is, “Which particular forms of conservative treatment are most effective in treating plantar fasciitis?”
For this paper, only published randomized clinical trials that included at least one of the above mentioned conservative care modalities in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (or plantar heel pain syndrome, heel spur syndrome, or painful heel syndrome) were reviewed. These forms of treatment were chosen for this review as they are the modalities that chiropractors are most likely to use when treating a patient with plantar fasciitis.
A literature search was conducted in English only, from 1980 to March 2005 on the following databases: Medline, Cinahl, Alternative Medicine (AMED), the Co-chrane Library, MANTIS, and the Index to Chiropractic Literature. The following search terms were used: plantar fasciitis, heel pain, conservative, treatment, chiropractic, physical therapy/physiotherapy, taping, education, acupuncture, night splints, stretching, ice, heat, exercise, and orthotics. All retrieved articles were also hand-searched for additional published citations not found through the literature search. Randomized controlled trials (including randomized cross-over design studies) were included, while prospective and retrospective case series were not included. The objective of this review was to determine which conservative modalities had the best outcomes for plantar fasciitis patients in randomized controlled trails.
1. Dimou ES, Brantingham JW, Wood T. A randomized controlled trial (with blinded observer) of chiropractic manipulation and Achilles stretching vs. orthotics for the treatment of plantar fasciitis. J Am Chiro Assoc.2004;41(9):32–42.
2. DiGiovanni BF, et al. Tissue-specific plantar fascia stretching exercise enhances outcomes in patients with chronic heel pain: a prospective, randomized study. J Bone Joint Surg. 2003;85A(7):1270–1277. [PubMed]
3. Crawford F, Snaith M. How effective is therapeutic ultrasound in the treatment of heel pain? Ann Rheum Dis.1996;55:265–267. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
4. Batt ME, Tanji JL, Skattum N. Plantar fasciitis: a prospective randomized clinical trial of the tension night splint.Clin J Sports Med. 1996;6(3):158–162. [PubMed]
5. Lynch DM, et al. Conservative treatment of plantar fasciitis: a prospective study. J Am Pod Med Assoc.1998;88(8):375–380. [PubMed]
6. Caselli MA, et al. Evaluation of magnetic foil and PPT Insoles® in the treatment of heel pain. J Am Pod Med Assoc. 1997;87(1):11–16. [PubMed]
7. Martin JE, et al. Mechanical treatment of plantar fasciitis: a prospective study. J Am Pod Med Assoc.2001;91(2):55–62. [PubMed]
8. Pfeffer G, et al. Comparison of custom and prefabricated orthoses in the initial treatment of proximal plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Int. 1999;20(4):214–221. [PubMed]
9. Buchbinder R. Plantar fasciitis. N Engl J Med. 2004;350(32):2159–2166. [PubMed]
10. Landorf KB, Keenan AM, Herbert RD. Effectiveness of different types of foot orthoses for the treatment of plantar fasciitis. J Am Pod Med Assoc. 2004;94(6):542–549. [PubMed]
11. Crawford F, Thomson C. Interventions for treating plantar heel pain. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 3. Art No.: CD000416. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD000416. [PubMed]
12. Winemiller MH, et al. Effect of magnetic vs sham-magnetic insoles on plantar heel pain: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003;290(11):1474–1478. [PubMed]
13. Turlik MA, Donatelli TJ, Veremis MG. A comparison of shoe inserts in relieving mechanical heel pain. Foot.1999;9(2):84–87.
14. Porter D, Barrill E, Oneacre K, May BD. The effects of duration and frequency of Achilles tendon stretching on dorsiflexion and outcome in painful heel syndrome: a randomized, blinded control study. Foot Ankle Int.2002;23(7):619–624. [PubMed]
15. Probe RA, et al. Night splint treatment for plantar fasciitis: a prospective randomized study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999;368:190–195. [PubMed]
16. Rome K, et al. Evaluating the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of foot orthoses in the treatment of plantar heel pain: a feasibility study. J Am Pod Med Assoc. 2004;94(3):229–238. [PubMed]
17. Powell M, Post WR, Keener J, Wearden S. Effective treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis with dorsiflexion night splints: a crossover prospective randomized outcome study. Foot Ankle Int. 1998;19(1):10–18. [PubMed]
18. Basford JR, et al. A randomized controlled evaluation of low-intensity laser therapy: plantar fasciitis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998;79(3):249–254. [PubMed]
19. Hooper PD. Physical Modalities A Primer for Chiropractic. Baltimore, USA: Williams & Wilkins, 1996:p. 86–91.

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